Both the European and the American Dobermann have the same origin story. They are first bred in Germany during the year 1890. The initial distinction between these two breeds is the fact that the American Doberman is only bred in America (recognised by the American Kennel Club) , while the European Dobermann is only bred in Europe (recognised by the European Kennel Club) .
Is there a size difference between European and American Dobermann?
In accordance with both the European and the American Dobermann Standard, the Dobermann is a medium-sized dog. But the European Dobermanns do tend to look stronger compared to the American’s more lean body. American Dobermans are a little short and skinny compared to the muscular and taller European. American Doberman have rust or light brown markings and they come in many colors: black, red, blue or fawn ( Isabella ). European have tan or dark brown markings and they come in black and brown colors. Any dogs that are not of these two colors are not recognized by the FCI and cannot be certified by them or approved for breeding. The American Doberman has a thin neck with a little slope, thinner bone structure whereas the European Dobermann has a thick neck and no slope with thicker bone structure.
Differences in behavior
There are some slight differences in the behavioral styles of the American and the European Dobermann. For example, the American Doberman is a loyal guard dog, suited for family protection and companionship, while the European Dobermann is a strong and powerful working dog.
That does not mean that the European Dobermann isn’t suited for family life. Nor do we mean to say that the American isn’t suited for work. However, considering the construction and overall strength of the European Dobermann, their behavior lines up better with police or military work compared to the leaner and more docile American Doberman.
European Dobermanns are usually bred for working purposes. They need to be stronger and more muscular to do “bite” work. But one is not better than the other. A European might be best for you if you have an active family, if you are experienced dog owner, want the best guard dog possible, want to compete in working dog events, protection events.